History of Poker
The history of poker is debatable. The game we now know as poker is believed to have ancient roots that go back nearly 1,000 years, adapting rules and game play from other games across multiple continents and cultures. Some historians say poker’s origins can be traced to a domino-card game played by a 10th century Chinese emperor; others claim it is a descendant of the Persian card game “As Nas,” which dates back to the 16th century.
Poker’s closest European predecessor was Poque, which caught on in France in the 17th century. Poque and its German equivalent, pochen, were both based on the 16th century Spanish game primero, which featured three cards dealt to each player and bluffing (or betting high on poor cards) as a key part of the game. French colonists brought Poque to their settlements in North America, including New Orleans and the surrounding area, which became part of the United States thanks to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. English-speaking settlers in the region Anglicized Poque to poker and adopted features of the modern game, including five cards for each player and (by 1834) a 52-card deck.
In 1871 the game was introduced to Europe after Queen Victoria heard the U.S. minister to Great Britain explaining the game to members of her court and asked him for the rules. More general acceptance of poker in Europe occurred several decades later, largely thanks to the influence of American soldiers during World War I. Over time, different games have dominated among poker players, including five-card draw, seven-card stud and—most recently—Texas Hold’em, which began its rise to dominance in the 1970s when it became the featured game in the World Series of Poker, the game’s leading annual competition.
Poker has increased in popularity since the beginning of the 20th century and has gone from being primarily a recreational activity confined to small groups of enthusiasts to a widely popular activity, both for participants and spectators, including online, with many professional players and multi million-dollar tournament prizes.
How to play
History aside, Poker is a type of card games that involves psychology warfare, gambling, strategy planning and skill. All poker variants involve betting and determine the winner of each hand according to the combinations of players’ cards, at least some of which remain hidden until the end of the hand. Poker games vary in the number of cards dealt, the number of shared or “community” cards, the number of cards that remain hidden, and the betting procedures.
In most modern poker games the first round of betting begins with one or more of the players making some form of a forced bet (the blind or ante). In standard poker, each player bets according to the rank they believe their hand is worth as compared to the other players. The action then proceeds clockwise as each player in turn must either: –
- Check- if no one had raised the bet, you may retain the current betting value and pass on raising the bet
- Fold- which means you stop betting of current round of the game and lose the amount bet so far and all further involvement in the hand,
- Raise- by increasing the current betting amount and challenge other players to increase their betting value to match what you have raised.
- Call- or in simple word, ‘match’ the maximum previous bet raised by other players.
The betting round ends when all players have either called the last bet or folded. If all but one player folds on any round, the remaining player collects the pot without being required to reveal their hand. If more than one player remains in contention after the final betting round, a showdown takes place where the hands are revealed, and the player with the highest hand ranking wins the game and takes the pot.
With the exception of initial forced bets, money is only placed into the pot voluntarily by a player who either believes the bet has positive expected value or who is trying to bluff other players for various strategic reasons. Thus, while the outcome of any particular hand significantly involves chance, the long-run expectations of the players are determined by their actions chosen on the basis of probability, psychology, and game theory.
The below table shows the card ranking from high to low in Poker Game.
|Royal Flush||A, K, Q, J, 10, all the same suit|
|Straight Flush||Five cards in a sequence, all in the same suit.|
|Four of a Kind||All four cards of the same rank|
|Full House||Three of a kind with a pair.|
|Flush||Any five cards of the same suit, but not in a sequence.|
|Straight||Five cards in a sequence, but not of the same suit.|
|Three of a Kind||Three cards of the same rank.|
|Two Pairs||Two different pairs|
|One Pair||Two cards of the same rank.|
|High Card||When you haven’t made any of the hands above, the highest card plays. In the example, the King plays as the highest card.|